‘Understanding & Challenging Racism’ – Further reading and resources


Understanding and Challenging Racism: further reading and resources


Clare PPN and Fridays for Future Clare
recently hosted an online workshop on ‘Understanding and Challenging Racism’. Lots of people took part and we had a really useful discussion, led by three excellent facilitators, Vicky Donnelly, Ryma Halfoui and Oein de Bhairdúin.
As a follow-up to the discussion, they have compiled a selection of videos, articles, podcasts and other resources you might find helpful. Thanks again to everyone who took part.

VIDEOS

Does My Life Matter?
www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Pjr7OU9N6s
Wexford teenager Noon Abubakar presents a speech she wrote and was due to present at a Black Lives Matter protest march in Wexford. The event was cancelled by the authorities citing that the assembly would exacerbate the Covid-19 pandemic. (June 2020.)

It’s Everywhere
www.youtube.com/watch?v=00HaIYSGiIw
Short powerful video, written and narrated by Racheal Ofori and other Black British people. Entirely relevant to Ireland too.
Racism is everywhere and only when we admit that it’s a learnt construct, and that it exists in everything can we even begin to dismantle it: the overt and the subtly insidious.

Reverse Racism
www.youtube.com/watch?v=dw_mRaIHb-M
Many people will claim that racism can work ‘both ways’. The model we looked at during our workshop strongly suggests that it does not. Comedian Aamer Rahman deconstructs the notion of ‘reverse racism’ and what it would take for reverse racism to actually function. He clarifies the links between ideology, colonialism and exploitation, and the profoundly damaging impact of a belief system that elevates white norms, and dehumanises and devalues Black lives, culture, appearance and…everything. All in under 3 hyperbolic minutes.


ARTICLES

Unequal Impact: The Deep Links Between Racism and Climate Change (2020)
https://e360.yale.edu/features/unequal-impact-the-deep-links-between-inequality-and-climate-change
An Article exploring the connections between colonial exploitation of land and peoples, making the struggle for climate justice and racial justice inseparable, and links with the disproportionate impact of Covid 19 on communities of colour. Featuring the work of activist
Elizabeth Yeampierre.

I Was Six When I Was First Called A N****R In Ireland (Irish Times, June 2020)
https://www.irishtimes.com/opinion/i-was-six-when-i-was-first-called-a-n-r-in-ireland-1.4275686
Sean Gallen writes about his experiences of racism in Ireland, from the youngest age.

Black Irish Citizens Twice As Likely To Experience Discrimination (2018)
https://www.irishtimes.com/news/social-affairs/black-irish-citizens-twice-as-likely-to-experience-discrimination-1.3734589
Black Irish citizens are twice as likely to experience discrimination in seeking employment as white Irish residents and black non-Irish people are five times more likely to experience discrimination, new research has found.

A Country Seen Through The Lens Of Direct Provision. (GCN, April 2020)
https://gcn.ie/country-seen-through-lens-direct-provision/
Evgeny Shtorn has first-hand experience of the cruel and inhumane system; he looks at its past and imagines the long-term impact it will have not only on those forced to go through it but on Ireland itself.

Education and Love are Not the Answer (2017)
https://theundefeated.com/features/ibram-kendi-leading-scholar-of-racism-says-education-and-love-are-not-the-answer/
Ibram X. Kendi asserts that, “
Education, love and exemplary black people will not deliver America from racism, Kendi says. Racist ideas grow out of discriminatory policies, he argues, not the other way around.”


Aid, trade and neocolonialism:
T
he following two articles deal with the legacy of colonialism, and the impact of the neocolonial trade rules, tax structures and legacy of debt that continues the flow of resources from the Global South to North:

Let’s Talk About Reparations.” (2015)
https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2015/nov/27/enough-of-aid-lets-talk-reparations   

Aid in Reverse – How Poor countries Develop Rich Countries” (2017)
https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2017/jan/14/aid-in-reverse-how-poor-countries-develop-rich-countries


The Treasury’s Tweet Shows Slavery Is Still Misunderstood (2017)
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/feb/12/treasury-tweet-slavery-compensate-slave-owners
David Olusoga on how the modern equivalent of £17bn was paid out to compensate slave owners for the loss of their human property.

Invisibility is the Modern Form of Racism Against Native Americans (2018)
https://www.teenvogue.com/story/racism-against-native-americans
Details of systemic racism and racist violence direct at Native American communities in the US.

White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack, by Peggy Mackintosh
https://www.racialequitytools.org/resourcefiles/mcintosh.pdf
An early article looking at the idea of white privilege by Peggy Mackintosh. “My work is not about blame, shame, guilt, or whether one is a “nice person.” …I was taught to see racism only in individual acts of meanness, not in invisible systems conferring dominance on my group.”
First appeared in 
Peace and Freedom Magazine, July/August, 1989, pp. 10-12, a publication of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, Philadelphia, PA.

BOOKS

Why I no longer speak to white people about race
by Reni Eddo-Lodge

Me and White Supremacy
by Layla F Saad

I will not be erased’: Our stories growing up as people of colour
by Gal-dem

Queenie
by Candice Carty-Williams

Girl, Woman, Other
by Bernardine Evaristo

Policing the Black Man
by Toni Morrison

Natives: Race and Class in the Ruins of Empire’
by Akala

Dark days’
by James Baldwin

PODCASTS

 Race Reni Eddo-Lodge looks at the recent history that led to the politics of today.

Intersectionality Matters Hosted by Kimberlé Crenshaw, an American civil rights advocate and a leading scholar of critical race theory.

Scene on Radio Explores human experience and American society.

1619 An audio series on how slavery has transformed America, connecting past and present through the oldest form of storytelling.

Hoodrat to Headwrap A Decolonized Podcast with sexuality educator Ericka Hart and Deep East Oakland’s Ebony Donnley.

The End Of Policing – A Conversation with Alex Vitale

Pod Save The People Organiser and activist DeRay Mckesson explores news, culture, social justice, and politics with fellow activists.

Code Switch Fearless conversations about race  

 

ONLINE READING 

 

Who Gets to be Afraid in America? & American Nightmare
both by Ibram X. Kendi

75 Things White People Can Do For Racial Justice

It’s Time To Confront The ‘Karen’ In All Of Us: Unpacking White Privilege
by Nathalie Olah

Anticolonial Activism In The Heart Of Empire – Priyamvada Gopal: Black radicals in London learnt vital lessons from rebellions in the colonies, and interpreted for a metropolitan audience

Recitatif – A short story by Toni Morrison which powerfully demonstrates the ways racism is internalised and how it manifests itself in ways such as micro-aggression

Showing Up For Racial Justice’s Political Educational, Toolkit and Resource

1619 Project
An ongoing initiative from The New York Times Magazine that began in August 2019, the 400th anniversary of the beginning of American slavery. It aims to reframe the country’s history by placing the consequences of slavery and the contributions of black Americans at the very centre of our national narrative.

Feminist Killjoys – Blog of Independent scholar Sara Ahmed, whose area of study includes the intersection of feminist theory, lesbian feminism, queer theory, critical race theory and post-colonialism

MOVIES
(available on Netflix)

13th

American son

Get on the bus

Imperial dreams

LA 92

Malcom X

Moonlight

Mudbound

Strong Island

 

Links & resources related to the Travelling community in Ireland:

 

Behaviours and Attitudes
https://www.exchangehouse.ie/publications_nationaltravellersurvey2017.php

Traveller Homes: Waste of Resource
https://cf.broadsheet.ie/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/jmadigannews1.jpg

Delight of Traveller homes not being built
https://cf.broadsheet.ie/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/f13edb1b-ca77-4adc-958d-5f8287642016.jpg

Annie Furey
https://www.rte.ie/archives/2015/1005/732497-traveller-targeted-in-galway/

Carrickmines
https://www.thejournal.ie/carrickmines-accommodation-problems-2386057-Oct2015/

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/social-affairs/some-businesses-including-pubs-close-for-traveller-funeral-1.2404047

Discrimination case thrown out due to accent
https://www.irishtimes.com/news/crime-and-law/courts/district-court/traveller-activist-loses-discrimination-claim-against-lucan-pub-1.3938614

Trish Nolan broken lines
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S8n-M4sNlGg

——————–

Irish Network Against Racism:
And finally, a resource pack from the Irish Network Against Racism, to better understand racism in Ireland and your role in addressing it:  
https://inar.ie/racism-in-ireland/learn-about-racism/

 

Workshop: Understanding and Challenging Racism Thursday 2 pm.

Workshop: Understanding and Challenging Racism Thursday 2 pm.

 

Understanding and Challenging Racism – a free online workshop on Thursday June 18th at 2pm

hosted by Fridays For Future Clare and Clare PPN

We are delighted to be joined by Vicky Donnelly of Galway One World Centre, Ryma Halfaoui and Oein De Bhairduin for this workshop.

The recent Black Lives Matter protests in the US and beyond have raised the issue of racism like never before. In this free online workshop, hosted by Clare PPN and Fridays For Future Clare, we’ll take time to explore and clarify some questions, including understanding what racism is in the first place, how racism operates in Ireland – including racism against Travellers – and ways of taking action.

This participatory workshop, at 2pm on Thursday 18th June, will be led by Vicky Donnelly, Ryma Halfaoui and Oein De Bhairduin. We aim to create an open space for people to share, listen, reflect, discover, grow and learn together. There will be a short break halfway through the workshop.

IMPORTANT! If you would like to take part in this workshop please email newsletter@clareppn.ie to reserve a place. Because of some unusual activity on a booking site regarding this event we will need your name, address and phone number to secure a place. This information will be handled in line with Clare PPN’s GDPR policies and will be deleted immediately the event is over. You can read our privacy and data policies here: http://clareppn.ie/privacy-policy/

We will confirm receipt of your registration by email and will send a zoom link to all participants on the morning of the event.

Register by sending your name, address, and phone number to newsletter@clareppn.ie

Traveller Primary Health Care/Clare PPN notes on Traveller Accommodation

Notes from Consultation on Clare’s Draft Traveller Accommodation Programme

On July 31st Clare PPN consulted with workers from Clare’s Traveller Primary Health Care Project regarding Clare County Council’s Draft Traveller Accommodation Programme for 2019- 2024 which is due to be put before Clare County Council on September 9th. In the consultation the workers determined that to restrict their comments only to the Draft Traveller Accommodation Programme 2019- 2024 would not best serve the Traveller Community in Clare as they feel strongly that it fails to plan adequately for the current and future situation. As a result they put forward their suggestions on Traveller Accommodation generally and have asked us to compile the following notes from the session and forward them to the Minister of State at the Department of Housing, Planning and Local Government, to the Chief Commissioner at the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission, and to the Director of Social Development and the Senior Officer with responsibility for Housing in Clare County Council.

You can read the notes here Notes on Traveller Accommodation in Clare PHCP PPN August 26th 2019

Clare PPN submission in respect of the preparation of a draft Traveller Accommodation Programme 2019-2024

Clare PPN submission in respect of the preparation of a Draft Traveller Accommodation Programme 2019- 2024

August 23rd 2018

Clare Public Participation Network Submission in relation to the assessment of existing and projected Traveller accommodation needs and the preparation of a draft Traveller Accommodation Programme for 2019 – 2024 by Clare County Council.

Clare Public Participation Network welcomes this opportunity to make submissions in relation to the assessment of existing and projected need for accommodation for Travellers in Clare and the preparation of a Draft Traveller Accommodation Programme for 2019 – 2024.

Background:

At Clare PPN’s Plenary Meeting of November 30th 2017 the member groups of Clare PPN’s Social Inclusion College listed provision of support to the Travelling community and Traveller’s rights in County Clare as some of the key areas they wished the Clare PPN to focus on for the year ahead.

Clare PPN notes that at present it does not have a specific Traveller organisation amongst its membership and that such an organisation does not currently exist in Clare.  Clare PPN further notes that whilst it continues its efforts to build relationships with the Traveller community in Clare that it does not have the resources to function as a community development organisation or to carry out extensive research into any specific community.

LTACC:

Clare PPN is represented on the Local Traveller Accommodation Consultative Committee (LTACC). It should be noted that the LTACC in Clare has not met since January 2018 and that it requires considerable work, support and flexibility on the part of the Local Authority to develop it into a forum where views can be exchanged and strategic progress made towards ensuring that Travellers have access to culturally appropriate long term accommodation in the county. Clare PPN also considers that it is necessary and beneficial for most settled people who are engaged in the provision of services to the Traveller and other minority communities to undergo some cultural awareness and anti-racism training and is willing to assist Clare County Council in arranging such training for staff in relevant departments in consultation with Traveller groups and other minorities in the County.

Clare PPN further notes that it requested (by email dated Wednesday 15th August 2018) two changes to this phase of Clare County Council’s consultation process and to date has not received a response from that request.

Clare PPN requested firstly that the process should be recommenced in September 2018 in order to take account of the August holiday period and to allow for a more substantial participation by the Travelling community and secondly that the notice of needs assessment should be separated from the call for submissions in relation to the preparation of a draft Traveller Accommodation Programme. Clare PPN requested that these separate aspects should be carried out in sequence rather than simultaneously- with Clare County Council’s accommodation needs assessment being made available to the LTACC and other interested bodies before the deadline for their submissions relating to the preparation of the Draft Traveller Accommodation Programme.

Clare PPN regrets that the above request was not facilitated and notes that in the absence of LTACC meetings it was not possible to request the above changes except within this consultation process.

Context:

Clare PPN notes that since the current Traveller Accommodation Programme 2014- 2018 was adopted, that the Traveller Community have been recognised as an Ethnic Minority group. Clare PPN notes that in 2017 a report commissioned by the Department of Justice and Equality found that Travellers as a group experience extreme disadvantage in terms of employment, housing and health and face exceptionally strong levels of prejudice. Clare PPN considers that it is incumbent upon every state organisation to work positively and proactively to improve the experiences and outcomes for Travellers when they access the state services to which they are entitled. The National Strategy for Traveller and Roma Inclusion 2017 states the following

‘There should be adequate provision of accessible, suitable and culturally appropriate accommodation available for Travellers. Delivery of Traveller accommodation should be underpinned by a robust monitoring and evaluation framework, with a view to ensuring full expenditure of funds allocated for Traveller specific accommodation.’’

Clare PPN notes that the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission reported earlier this year that whilst Travellers make up less than 1% of the population in Ireland they account for 9% of the numbers of those experiencing homelessness. https://www.ihrec.ie/discrimination-and-inequality-in-housing-in-ireland

Clare PPN notes from its communications with Travellers and Traveller organisations that they are optimistic and ambitious for the future of their community and believe that issues such as poor access to secure homes and low levels of employment can be improved significantly within the next decade if there is cooperation and lack of opposition from government and local authorities. Clare PPN notes that the Traveller population in Clare as detailed in the last Census (2016) stands at 905 individuals or 271 families as documented in the Annual Estimates of Accommodation of Traveller Families 2017. As Traveller unemployment as surveyed in 2010 stood at 82% and has not significantly decreased since then, it is clear that the provision of homes and other forms of culturally appropriate housing support for some members of the Traveller Community will, for the life of this draft plan 2019 – 2024, continue to be a function of the local authority or national government either directly or through approved housing bodies.

Clare PPN believes that it should be possible to provide secure culturally appropriate homes for the Traveller community in Clare which would help them greatly to achieve their ambitions to progress across all aspects of their lives from education, health including mental health, employment and community resilience. Clare PPN hopes that in the drafting of this Traveller Accommodation Programme 2019- 2024 that Clare County Council will demonstrate their commitment to ensuring that Clare is a place where the Travelling community are valued, respected and are able to improve their own circumstances with the assistance of their local authority.

Living Environment:

Clare PPN recommends that the new Draft Traveller Accommodation Programme would consider both accommodation and the wider living environment for Travellers when planning any new developments or when improving or maintaining existing ones. There should be access to services, transport, sufficient spaces for recreation and physical activity and attention paid to ensuring that Travellers have space to live in extended family groupings if they so wish and continue their hobbies, pastimes and trades as well as having access and opportunities to engage in the wider community and access education and employment. In order to address the severe disadvantage which Travellers experience it will be necessary to build secure sustainable culturally supportive living environments in which families, individuals and children can thrive.

Clare PPN wishes to have it noted that the new Traveller Accommodation Programme is being drafted in the context of a nation-wide housing ‘crisis’. It further notes that this is the first programme to be drafted since the introduction by the Department of Housing of the Housing Assistance Payment (HAP) scheme and that there has to date been no analysis of how HAP has served the needs of those from minority communities including the Traveller community.  Clare PPN further notes that the provision of social housing by approved housing bodies has become a mainstay of social housing provision in County Clare and notes that according to reported figures as of 2017 only 4 Traveller families are listed as housed by approved housing bodies in the County.

Clare PPN recommendations for the assessment of existing and projected housing needs:

Clare PPN notes that work has been done this year on a peer to peer needs assessment in the county led Pavee Point and supported by the HSE’s Traveller Health Unit with assistance provided by Clare PPN and CLDC. Clare PPN recommends that if possible the Draft Traveller Accommodation Programme 2019- 2024 should be drafted in light of the findings of this needs assessment when it is complete and available.

Clare PPN also recommends that Clare County Council should make a concerted effort to ensure that the views and experiences in relation to accommodation of the Traveller community in Clare are canvassed before the completion of any assessment of existing and projected need.  Clare PPN notes the following two directions from the guidelines issued by the Department that indicate that this is within the scope and remit of Clare County Council to organise-

‘Additional inquiries as may be necessary, including consultation with Traveller families and any relevant Traveller support groups within the functional area of the authority, to ascertain a comprehensive picture of the existing and projected need for housing accommodation of Traveller families within their area for the period 2019 to 2024 to update their assessment of needs of Traveller families within their area.’

‘’For example, local authority officials may attend or arrange public meetings on Traveller issues and arrange broadly based ad-hoc area committees to address problems arising.’’

Clare PPN recommends that statistics on the following issues should be gathered from the Travelling Community and that policies to address the findings included in the draft programme:

  • Travellers experiencing over-crowding/forced sharing of accommodation.
  • Travellers experiencing homelessness and their experiences of accessing emergency accommodation including bed and breakfasts and hotels.
  • Travellers living in culturally inappropriate accommodation due to a lack of provision/poor standard of Traveller Specific Accommodation.
  • Travellers living in private rental accommodation which does not meet their needs or has not been inspected.
  • Travellers experiences of sourcing private rental accommodation under the current Housing Assistance Payment scheme.
  • The projected needs of young Travellers who may be likely to form new families during the life of the plan.
  • The particular accommodation needs of Travellers experiencing poor health and of people with disabilities within the Traveller Community.
  • The particular and projected needs of ageing Travellers in relation to accommodation.
  • Travellers in unofficial roadside accommodation should be surveyed for their preferences. Clare PPN notes that the guidelines for preparing the 5th Traveller Accommodation Programme include the following statement regarding unofficial or roadside sites:

‘Pending the provision of suitable permanent accommodation, local authorities should review the position of Travellers on the roadside or other unauthorised sites in their functional area in the light of the Guidelines on Basic Services and Facilities for Caravans and seek to improve the position of these families by considering making available such services, including water, toilets and waste removal if there are no significant legal, planning, environmental, social, technical or other restraints in so doing. The question of further closures of traditional or unofficial halting sites should also be reviewed pending the provision of adequate accommodation’.

Transient Sites– Following discussions with the Traveller representatives on the LTACC and with other advocacy groups Clare PPN strongly recommends that the provision of transient sites in Clare should be for the purposes of Travellers who are on the road and moving from place to place as is their tradition and that Transient sites should not be used as accommodation for Travellers who are ordinarily resident in County Clare.

Comments on the preparation of the Draft Traveller Accommodation Programme 2019- 2024.

Following the completion of a comprehensive assessment of existing and projected need by Clare County Council which is agreed between all stakeholders, Clare PPN calls on Clare County Council to draft a new Traveller Accommodation Programme that aims to fully meet all the identified needs.

Clare PPN calls on Clare County Council to zone and plan sufficient developments of all forms of Traveller Specific and general accommodation to meet Travellers’ needs and to immediately begin the process of applying for planning permission and funding for their completion. Clare PPN notes that throughout the current TAP Clare County Council had funding available to it specifically for Traveller Accommodation and that it failed to make full use of these funds. Clare PPN has noted the explanation that delays in planning processes are responsible for this repeated underspend and so calls on Clare County Council to ensure that following the completion of its agreed assessment that it should immediately commence the pre- construction processes for any developments planned and seek department funding for same. Clare PPN also calls on Clare County Council to ensure that its currently planned social housing developments do not change the designation of sites currently designated as Traveller Specific Accommodation without indicating how and where these will be replaced and seeking agreement from those affected.

Clare PPN further calls on Clare County Council to indicate in its Traveller Accommodation Programme whether it intends to continue its use of and funding of Approved Housing Bodies to provide social housing and if so how it intends to ensure that these bodies are resourced and required to provide accommodation to the Traveller Community and on what basis. Clare PPN would welcome a clear indication within the Traveller Accommodation Programme of which aspects of the programme it envisages being delivered by Approved Housing Bodies.

 

Clare PPN looks forward to continuing to engage in this process and welcomes any communications or queries in respect of this submission.

Clare PPN calls for emergency plan to be put in place for roadside dwelling Travellers during weather alerts

Clare PPN Logo

Clare Public Participation Network Statement:  Date: 17/10/2017 

Clare PPN calls for emergency plan to be put in place for roadside-dwelling Travellers during weather alerts.

Clare Public Participation Network’s Social Inclusion Representatives commend Clare County Council and the county’s emergency services for their swift actions and clear and frequent updates during the status red weather alert which accompanied ex hurricane Ophelia on the 15th  of October. It came to the representatives’ attention however that there had been no provisions made to ensure the safety of the members of the Traveller community who live on the roadside in temporary dwellings. People contacting the Council’s emergency number were advised that no plan was in place for roadside dwelling Travellers and that they should ‘stay put’ until the storm abated. Clare PPN calls on the Council management and on elected representatives to ensure that a contingency plan is immediately put in place for any future such weather events which would at a minimum offer temporary secure shelter to all of those who need it. Clare PPN’s Social Inclusion Representatives are concerned that a failure to do this could result in injuries or fatalities which could be prevented by advance planning and so it calls on all those responsible to take action before the winter sets in fully.

Signed:

Mary O’Donoghue, Local Community Development Committee.

Sarah Clancy, Local Traveller Accommodation Consultative Committee.

Dermot Hayes, Social Development Strategic Policy Committee.

George Atijohn, Clare Public Participation Network Secretariat.

Damon Matthew Wise Âû, Physical Development Strategic Policy Committee.

Details: Enquiries about anything to do with Clare PPN can be directed to sarah@clareppn.ie or 087 1617375.

Notes: 

Clare PPN is a network of community, voluntary, environmental and social inclusion groups from Clare. It exists to facilitate the formal participation by the community sector in Clare County Council’s decision making structures. It is funded jointly by the Department of Community and Rural Development and Clare County Council but is autonomous and its activities are directed by its members through an elected secretariat.

Clare PPN’s website is www.clareppn.ie and they are on twitter @clare_ppn and https://facebook.com/clareppn/